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山东大学学报(医学版) ›› 2018, Vol. 56 ›› Issue (8): 29-36.doi: 10.6040/j.issn.1671-7554.0.2018.519

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热带气旋对人类健康的影响研究新进展

马伟1,2,张安然1   

  1. 1.山东大学公共卫生学院流行病学系, 山东 济南 250012;2.山东大学气候变化与健康研究中心, 山东 济南 250012
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-03 出版日期:2018-08-10 发布日期:2018-08-10
  • 通讯作者: 马伟. E-mail:weima@sdu.edu.cn E-mail:weima@sdu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重大科学研究计划(973计划)(2012CB955500-955502)

Impacts of tropical cyclone on human health: latest research progress

MA Wei1,2, ZHANG Anran1   

  1. 1. Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Shandong University, Jinan 250012, Shandong, China;
    2. Shandong University Climate Change and Health Center, Jinan 250012, Shandong, China
  • Received:2018-05-03 Online:2018-08-10 Published:2018-08-10

摘要: 热带气旋是危害人类最严重的自然灾害之一,通过多种途径给人类健康造成直接和间接影响。热带气旋除本身带来的狂风、暴雨和风暴潮会直接造成人员伤亡外,还可通过损毁住所和健康服务设施、人口迁移、水源污染、粮食减产等间接影响人群健康,导致死亡率、伤残率、传染病和慢性病发病率的增加。此外,热带气旋作为自然灾害同样给灾民带来严重的心理影响和精神伤害。热带气旋发生前后都应采取相应的应对措施,减少其对人群健康的影响。

关键词: 传染病, 慢性病, 心理健康, 热带气旋

Abstract: Tropical cyclone, a natural disaster which may cause huge damages to human beings, has direct and indirect impacts on human health in various ways. It can cause direct casualties through gales, heavy rains and storm tides, and can also indirectly increase mortality and disability rate, incidence of infectious and chronic diseases, through house and health facility damage, movement of population, water pollution, and grain yield reduction. In addition, it can cause psychological and mental damage. Adaptive measures need to be taken both before and after landing of tropical cyclone in order to reduce its impacts on human health.

Key words: Tropical cyclone, Infectious diseases, Chronic diseases, Mental health

中图分类号: 

  • R129
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